Thyroid cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the thyroid gland
Thyroid is a gland at the base of the throat near the trachea (windpipe). It is shaped like a butterfly, with a right lobe and a left lobe. The thyroid uses iodine, a mineral found in some foods and in iodized salt, to help make several hormones. Thyroid hormones Control heart rate, body temperature, and how quickly food is changed into energy (metabolism), amount of calcium in the blood.
There are four main types of thyroid cancer:
- Papillary thyroid cancer.
- Follicular thyroid cancer.
- Medullary thyroid cancer.
- Anaplastic thyroid cancer.
FACTORS AFFECTING DEVELOPMENT OF THYROID CANCER
- Being between 25 and 65 years old.
- Being female.
- Being exposed to radiation to the head and neck as a child or being exposed to atomic bomb radiation. The cancer may occur as soon as 5 years after exposure.
- Having a history of goiter (enlarged thyroid).
- Having a family history of thyroid disease or thyroid cancer.
- Having certain genetic conditions such as familial medullary thyroid cancer (FMTC), multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A syndrome, and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B syndrome.
- A certain change in a gene that is passed from parent to child (inherited) may cause medullary thyroid cancer.
SYMPTOMS OF THYROID CANCER
Thyroid cancer may not cause early symptoms. It is sometimes found during a routine physical exam. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:
- A lump in the neck.
- Trouble breathing.
- Trouble swallowing.
TESTS THAT ARE USED TO DETECT) AND DIAGNOSE THYROID CANCER:
- Blood hormone studies
- Blood chemistry studies
- Radioactive iodinescan (RAI scan
- Ultrasound exam
- CT scan (CAT scan
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
- PET scan (positron emission tomography scan
FACTORS AFFECTING THE PROGNOSIS (CHANCE OF RECOVERY) AND TREATMENT:
- The age of the patient.
- The type of thyroid cancer.
- The stage of the cancer.
- The patient’s general health.
- Whether the patient has multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B (MEN 2B).
- Whether the cancer has just been diagnosed or has recurred (come back).
WAYS TO DEVELOP THYROID CANCER
- Through tissue. Cancer invades the surrounding normal tissue.
- Through the lymph system. Cancer invades the lymph system and travels through the lymph vessels to other places in the body.
- Through the blood. Cancer invades the veins and capillaries and travels through the blood to other places in the body.
Contact Us or visit us for treatment, in case unable to visit then kindly take time to fill in this form with care. Online Treatment**
**Note : Online form will be reviewed only after receiving payment for Consultation and only after receiving Payment for Medicine as suggested medicine will be couriered to your address as suggested by you.