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Homeo Foundation

A HOUSE FOR COMPLETE TREATMENT SOLUTION FOR CHRONIC DISEASES

Anal Cancer :

Anal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the anus.

Anatomy of the lower digestive system, showing the colon and other organs.

Anatomy-lower digestive-system

 

FACTORS AFFECTING DEVELOPMENT OF ANAL CANCER

  • Being over 50 years old.
  • Being infected with human papillomavirus (HPV).
  • Having many sexual partners.
  • Having receptive anal intercourse (anal sex).
  • Frequent anal redness, swelling, and soreness.
  • Having anal fistulas (abnormal openings).
  • Smoking cigarettes.

SYMPTOMS OF ANAL CANCER

A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:

Treatment

  • Bleeding from the anus or rectum.
  • Pain or pressure in the area around the anus.
  • Itching or discharge from the anus.
  • A lump near the anus.
  • A change in bowel habits.

TESTS THAT ARE USED TO DETECT) AND DIAGNOSE ANAL CANCER:

  • Digital rectal examination (DRE).
  • Anoscopy
  • Proctoscopy
  • Endo anal or endorectal ultrasound

FACTORS AFFECTING THE PROGNOSIS (CHANCE OF RECOVERY) AND TREATMENT:

Prognosis (chance of recovery) depends on the following:

  • The size of the tumour.
  • Where the tumour is in the anus.
  • Whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.

The treatment options depend on the following:

  • The stage of the cancer.
  • Where the tumour is in the anus.
  • Whether the patient has human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Whether cancer remains after initial treatment or has recurred.

WAYS TO DEVELOP ANAL CANCER

There are three ways that cancer spreads in the bodyare:

  • Through tissue. Cancer invades the surrounding normal tissue.
  • Through the lymph system. Cancer invades the lymph system and travels through the lymph vessels to other places in the body.
  • Through the blood. Cancer invades the veins and capillaries and travels through the blood to other places in the body.and has spread to distant parts of the body.

Treatment

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